SOCR EduMaterials Activities Bivariate

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SOCR Educational Materials - Activities - SOCR Bivariate Activity

The Java applet needed for the following two activities can be found in the SOCR site

http://socr.stat.ucla.edu/htmls/SOCR_experiments.html

The Bivariate Normal Experiment

This experiment consists of selecting values for the random variables X and Y which are jointly normally distributed as a bivariate normal f(X,Y) with parameters x=0, y=0, x=”a value of your choice” , y=”a value of your choice” , and =”a value of your choice”. The first objective of our activity is to see how the location of the base of the distribution and its spread changes as the parameters change. The second objective is to see how no matter what the values of the parameters are, the marginal distribution of X and the marginal distribution of Y are both normal, with more or less spread depending on the values you assign to the parameters.

The points you select on the left hand side diagram, which shows the area above which the normal density lies (or area of integration), can be chosen by setting stop=10,000 update=100 and then clicking on the  button.

(A) See what happens when  and the standard deviation of Y are constant, and the standard deviations of X increases.

A.1 Start by setting =0.6, x=1.3 and y=1.1 and select the 10000 points as indicated above. Print a screen shot of the pictures you get. Attach at the end, well labeled so that we know it is for this question.

Write down the mean and standard deviation of the numbers you generated and the correlation. 

A.2 Change now only the standard deviation of X from 1.3 to 2. Print a screen shot of the pictures. Write means, standard deviations and correlations of numbers you gnerated.

A.3 Compare the pictures in A.1 and A.2. What would you say has been the effect on the joint distribution f(X,Y) of increasing the standard deviation of X, other things held constant. Write your comments here.


A.4. Compare the marginal densities for X and for Y in A.1 and A.2. Which is more spread out?

A.5. Compare the regression lines in A.1 and A.2. Make your comparison in terms of the slope.

(B). See what happens when the standard deviations of X and Y are fixed and the correlation increases.

B.1 Fix now the standard deviation of X to 1.3 and the standard deviation of Y to 1.1 and the correlation coefficient to 0.9. Print a screenshot of the pictures, means, standard deviations and correlations in your data. Compare your pictures to those in part A.1.


B.2. According to your results in part A.1, what has happened to the joint density function of X and Y as the correlation coefficient has increased?


What has happened to the regression line?

What has happened to the marginal densities of X and of Y?


C. Write here the joint density function of X and Y with parameter values as in A.1


    Write the formula for the marginal density of X and the marginal density of Y with parameter values as given in A.1 


Write the formulas for the conditional densities of X given Y and Y given X, with parameter values as given in A.1. Write then the regression lines that follow from these densities.


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